Humans have started to cultivate plants and livestock since ancient times. Cultivation for survival has become one of the first discoveries of us until we found how to earn by selling it. With the progress of science and art, the cultivation techniques started to change and evolve. Soon, there were research organizations created to study the art and science of cultivation, which became known to us as agriculture. Many people among us research it and find out some exciting facts about the same. Looking for a fast, safe, and advanced method of cultivation is what people are researching today. Now, let us find out what is agriculture as we describe its various aspects in detail.
What Is Agriculture: Ancient Days
In primitive days, humans started cultivation as a natural process of living as they discovered how plants grow and provide us shelter, food, fuel, and transport. Soon after this, over 10,000 years ago, the usage of pigs, sheep, and cattle started as we earned the skill to domesticate them. They are the best domestic animals that can take part in cultivation with humans. Hence, they have been given priority in agriculture in the olden days in many countries and regions all over the world. When the barter system was practiced, the corps was exchanged as a return of another object or corp. In the medieval age, the selling of corps started.
The growing need for large-scale monoculture in the twentieth century gave rise to industrial agriculture. The monoculture started to dominate agricultural output and take an active role in the process of agriculture. Today, industrial agriculture is the main source of our foods, and the prices of the crops produced from this type of agriculture also set by the corporation of the government in any country. However, the only source of hope is the 2 billion people across the globe, which depends upon subsistence agriculture even today. They eat more fresh crops that the one we get in the market against high prices. The overall agronomy, plant breeding, and agrochemicals have become more advanced today in industrial agriculture. Some instances of these are pesticides and fertilizers.
Some Rural Practices There are different types of agriculture, and we are already aware of the first two types. Firming is another name, and here we will know some popular types of farming across the world. Pastoralism is one such popular type, which includes domesticating the animals required for farming. In some traditions, the ritual is to move the herds of livestock from one place to another place in search of water and other requirements. In Asia and some parts of India, this system is prevalent even today. Shifting cultivation is another type, which is prevalent in Northeast India, Southeast Asia, and the Amazon Basin. By cutting and burning trees, small areas of forests are cleared in some farming traditions while the participants move from one to another place. The other two popular types of farming are Subsistence farming and Intensive farming.