Many Types of Agriculture: Industrialized And Subsistence Agriculture


Agriculture always has been the main source of food that we consume on a daily basis. There are many types of agriculture. But here we going to discuss two types of agriculture that Industrialized and Subsistence. And we will find out the difference between them.

Types of Agriculture: Industrialized And Subsistence Agriculture
Types of Agriculture: Industrialized And Subsistence Agriculture

Think about a small family farm on a small plot of land and a huge farm that covers acres and acres of land. What is the difference between these two farms, or what makes it so different from each other? This question can answer with various explanations. So, here they are:

1. Both farms produce foods, but the production methods differ

2. The amount of food production and who eats the produced food

Agriculture can define as the process of producing foods and many products by cultivation. Human species have survived by gathering foods from trees and hunting animals. Ten thousand years ago, our ancestors found a way to produce their own food. Since that time, different types of products have been introduced. But recently agriculture divided into two different types – industrialized agriculture and subsistence agriculture. Let us discuss these two types of agriculture.

Industrialized Agriculture

In Industrialized agriculture, the food produced in huge quantities by using many Industrialized techniques for the motive of sale. The main goal behind this type of agriculture is to increase crop yield, which is the food that is produced for each unit of land. And they produce foods to feed masses and to supply it worldwide. They use different farming methods that’s why they are able to produce a huge amount of food. They don’t use manpower or animals instead of it. Industrialized agriculture uses large machines which are very powerful and can work faster and better. They invest a large amount in fertilizers, pesticides, and buying powerful machines.

Fertilizers often add nutrients to the soil and help the plants getting bigger, and pesticides increase the yield by killing pests that are harmful to the growth and production of the plant. Industrialized agriculture follows monocultures, which is when the same crop planted in a large area.

Types of Agriculture: Industrialized And Subsistence Agriculture
Types of Agriculture: Industrialized And Subsistence Agriculture

Subsistence Agriculture

Industrialized agriculture produces food to feed the human population, whereas subsistence agriculture is when a farmer produces enough food to feed his or her family and lives on a small amount of land. In this type of agriculture, Farmers only produce food to survive. If there is, excess food produced, then they often sell to other families or individuals. Here all the work is, done by humans and animals, so its quite time talking. That’s why it differs from the agriculture methods used in industrialized agriculture. Subsistence agriculture doesn’t depend on fertilizers or pesticides; instead of it, they use natural ways to make plants better and bigger. They often use manure from animals like cow and goat as a fertilizer.

Unlike industrialized agriculture, which follows monocultures, subsistence agriculture supports polycultures, which is when different types of crops are, planted in a particular area. In this way, we can get most crop yield from small land.

Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter
Subscribe to our monthly Newsletter