For natural farming agriculture, choosing the right crops is a key step for
Pesticide and herbicides kill both intended parasites along with beneficial insects, which are vital for the crops. Especially bees get affected very much, and it breaks the natural food chain process of nature. After all, bees and other beneficial insects like worms are important for plant health. But no matter what, the right crop selection will determine the life of organic farming. And choosing the crops need some factors as the guideline:
Natural Farming Agricultural: Farm Condition
Long before you choose certain crops for your natural farm, you need to consider soil and climatic conditions and biotic factors. Sometimes, the earth and the climate in the area may not be appropriate for growing some crops naturally. In this situation, you should stick to the crops that are suitable for the environment and soil of your farm.
Climatic conditions will play a huge role in determining your crop selection for natural farming. Temperatures, rainfalls, hours of sunlight, relative humidity, and other factors specific to the site are essential. If any of these doesn’t match the crops’ requirement, yields may not bloom in their full potential.
Natural Farming Agricultural: Soil Conditions
For organic farming, soil conditions play a significant role. The soil color, soil texture, pH level, fertility levels, and organic content in the soil helps you choose the right crops for your farm. As you can alter or improve the soil conditions by additional fertilizers, like compost, that’s a bonus. Unlike the climate condition, you can change the soil condition for various crops with natural fertilizers.
In our ecosystem, various plants, bacteria, animals and fungi, etc. live to improve crop quality or destroy them. Therefore, you should do your research work well on biotic factors. Otherwise, you won’t be able to determine crop diseases and attacks of certain pests. It will be ideal to choose the crops which are much more resistant to these biotic factors.
Natural Farming Agricultural Needs Stable Water Supply
Your crops will not flourish or gain nutrients if the location doesn’t provide an abundance of water. In case the location has a natural water source in plenty, you have to take additional measures for supplying waters for your crops.
Crops Suitable For Existing Conditions Of The Farm
For organic production, it is difficult to grow crops that are not suitable according to the environmental conditions. So, you should start by identifying the plants that grow in your farming region. You can also consult a neighbor farm or visit the farmers’ market in your locality. After knowing about the suitable crop species, you can opt for a variety of plants that fall under the same specifications.
Are You Looking For Cash Crops?
If you want to grow cash crops, how much you can produce a certain plant in a designated agricultural land. You should keep it in mind that some specific vegetables are higher-yielding only. You must also note down how much labor, resources, fertilizers, etc. will be needed for crop growth. After all, these factors will affect your profitability from crop growth.